31 Days of Oscar Blogathon: The Crafts – Cinematography in Black-and-White and Color

Introduction

When I looked at the 31 Days of Oscar Blogathon announcement for this year what came to mind as a good idea for crafts would be to examine Cinematographers who were at the Oscars for work in black-and-white and color cinematography. If I decided to just feature those who had won in both it’d have been a smaller club (60 cinematographers are in it by my count). However, as I say with my own awards: the process is more about what’s nominated.

Furthermore, as my motivation was for the last posts on actors and defunct categories I wanted to learn in the process of writing and chronicling all the cinematographers (most past but thankfully a few present) who have been honored for chromatic and monochromatic work alike.

The Cinematographers

One thing that was surprising to learn is that there are many cinematographers who have gotten tons of nominations. There are 10 who have each had more than 10 each. Granted in the more than quarter-century where color and black-and-white photography were honored separately that’s well in excess of 260 potential nominations (there have been loose limits on total number of nominees in the past), but if you look at actors only five (Streep, Hepburn, Nicholson, Davis and Olivier) have reached that mark.

It makes more sense when you also include that working behind the scenes more often a cinematographers images speak for themselves.

Below you will see those who have been nominated in both and the occasional notes about it.

Please note:

-Some titles appear multiple times because early Color cinematography was often a team endeavor.
-This list was assembled manually so if I am missing a name, or am incorrect about the color palette please let me know in the comments.

1. Ernest Haller

Jezebel (1938, Warner Bros.)

ColorGone with the Wind, The Flame and the Arrow
Black and WhiteJezebel; All this and Heaven, Too; Mildred Pierce, Whatever Happened to Baby Jane?, Lillies of the Field

2. Freddie Francis

Glory (1989. Columbia)

ColorGlory
Black and WhiteSons and Lovers

3. Joseph A. Valentine

Joan of Arc (1948)

Black and White – Mad About Music, First Love, Spring Parade,
ColorJoan of Arc

4. Karl Freund

Blossoms in the Dust (1941,

Black and WhiteThe Good Earth, The Chocolate Soldier
ColorBlossoms in the Dust

5. Leon Shamroy

Cleopatra (1963)

Black and WhiteThe Young in Heart, Ten Gentlemen from West Point, Prince of Foxes
ColorDown Argentine Way, The Black Swan, Wilson, Leave Her to Heaven, David of Bathsheba, Snows of Kilamanjaro, The Robe, The Egyptian, Love is a Many Splendored Thing, The King and I, South Pacific, Porgy and Bess, Cleopatra, The Cardinal, The Agony and the Ecstasy

6. Joseph Ruttenberg

Mrs. Miniver (1942)

Black and WhiteThe Great Waltz, Waterloo Bridge, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, Mrs. Miniver, Madame Curie, Gaslight, Julius Caesar, Somebody Up There Loves Me
ColorGigi, BUtterfield 8

7. Robert Surtees

The Graduat (1967)

Black and WhiteThirty Seconds Over Tokyo, The Bad and the Beautiful
ColorKing Solomon’s Mines, Quo Vadis?, Oklahoma!, Ben Hur, Mutiny on the Bounty, The Graduate, Dr. Doolittle, The Last Picture Show, Summer of ’42

Won in each medium.

8. Conrad Hall

Road to Perdition (2002, DreamWorks, 20th Century Fox)

Black and WhiteMorituri, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, The Day of the Locust, Tequila Sunrise, Searching for Bobby Fisher, A Civil Action, American Beauty, Road to Perdition
ColorThe Professionals, In Cold Blood

In Cold Blood nomination was after Black-and-White cinematography after category ended.

9. Arthur C. Miller

How Green Was My Valley (1941, 20th Century Fox)

Black and WhiteThe Rains Came, How Green Was My Valley, This Above All, The Song of Bernadette, The Keys of the Kingdom, Anna and the King of Siam
ColorThe Blue Bird

10. Harry Stradling

Some Like It Hot (1955)

Black and WhiteThe Human Comedy, The Picture of Dorian Gray, A Streetcar Named Desire, Some Like it Hot, The Young Philadelphians
ColorShe Wore a Yellow Ribbon, Hans Christian Andersen, Guys and Dolls, The Eddie Duchin Story, Auntie Mame, A Majority of One, Gypsy, My Fair Lady, Funny Girl, Hello, Dolly!

11. James Wong Howe

The Old Man and the Sea

Black and WhiteAlgiers, Abe Lincoln in Illinois, Kings Row, Air Force, The North Star, The Rose Tattoo, Hud, Seconds
ColorThe Old Man and the Sea, Funny Lady

12. Charles Rosher

Sunrise (1927, 20th Century Fox)

Black and WhiteSunrise, The Affairs of Cellini
ColorKismet, The Yearling, Annie Get Your Gun, Showboat

13. Burnett Guffey

From Here to Eternity (1953, Columbia)

Black and WhiteFrom Here to Eternity, The Harder They Fall, The Birdman of Alcatraz, King Rat
ColorBonnie and Clyde

14. Haskell Wexler

Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1966, Warner Bros.)

Black and White
Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
ColorOne Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, Bound for Glory, Matewan, Blaze

15. William C. Mellor

The Diary of Anne Frank

Black and White
A Place in the Sun, The Diary of Anne Frank
Color Peyton Place, The Greatest Story Ever Told

16. Hal Mohr

A Midsummer Night's Dream (1935, Warner Bros.)

Black and WhiteA Midsummer Night’s Dream, The Four Poster
ColorPhantom of the Opera

Only write-in nomination for cinematography, back in the wild early days of the Awards.

17. Charles Lang

Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice (1969, Columbia)

Black-and-White: The Right to Love; A Farewell to Arms; Arise, My Love; Sundown, So Proudly We Hail!; The Uninvited, The Ghost and Mrs. Muir; A Foreign Affair; Sudden Fear; Sabrina; Queen Bee; Separate Tables; Some Like it Hot; The Facts of Life
Color:One-Eyed Jacks, How the West Was Won, Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice, Butterflies are Free

After 14 nominations for black-and-white cinematography was nominated for color in the following years and for the following films: 1961 One-Eyed Jacks; 1963 How the West Was Won; 1969 Bob & Ted & Carol & Alice
1973 Butterflies Are Free

18. Victor Milner

The Furies (1950)

Black-and-WhiteThe Love Parade, Cleopatra, The Crusades, The General Died at Dawn, The Buccaneer, The Great Victor Herbert, The Furies
ColorNorth West Mounted Police, Reap the Wild Wind

Six black-and-white nominations before 1940.

19. George Barnes

Rebecca (1940, Selznick)

Black-and-WhiteThe Devil Dancer, The Magic Flame, Sadie Thompson, Our Dancing Daughters, Rebecca, Spellbound,
ColorThe Spanish Main, Samson and Delilah

Four nominations in first ceremony; Six total before 1945 The Spanish Main.

20. Joseph LaShelle

How The West Was Won

ColorHow the West Was Won, Irma La Douce
Black-and-WhiteLaura, Come to the Stable, My Cousin Rachel, Marty, Career, The Apartment, Fortune Cookie.

Six nominations before 1963 How The West Was Won.

21. Ernest Laszlo

Judgment and Nuremberg (1961, United Artists)

Black-and-WhiteInherit the Wind, Judgment at Nuremberg, Ship of Fools,
ColorIt’s a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World; Fantastic Voyage, Star, Airport, Logan’s Run

Third Nomination in 1963 It’s a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World was first in color.

22. Daniel L. Fapp

West Side Story (1957, WB)

Black-and-WhiteDesire Under the Elms; One, Two, Three
ColorThe Five Pennies, West Side Story, The Unsinkable Molly Brown, Ice Station Zebra, Marooned.

23. Tony Gaudio

The Letter (1940)

Black-and-WhiteHell’s Angels, Anthony Adverse, Juarez, The Letter, Corvette K-225
ColorA Song to Remember

Final nomination of six in Color.

24. Milton Krasner

Anne Baxter in All About Ever (20th Century Fox)

ColorAll About Eve, Three Coins in the Fountain, An Affair to Remember, How the West Was Won
Black-and-WhiteArabian Nights, Love with a Proper Stranger, Fate is a Hunter

1950 Second nomination was in Black-and-White for All About Eve.

25. Harold Rosson

The Wizard of Oz (1939)

ColorThe Garden of Allah, The Wizard of Oz
Black-and-WhiteBoom Town, Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo, The Asphalt Jungle, The Bad Seed

Third nomination was his first in black-and-white (Boom Town, 1940).

26. Janusz Kaminski

Schindler's List (1993, Universal)

Black-and-White Schindler’s List
Color – Amistad, Saving Private Ryan, The Diving Bell and the Butterfly, War Horse, Lincoln

First nomination in black-and-white.

27. Joseph Valentine

Joan of Arc (1948)

Black-and-WhiteWings Over Honolulu, Mad About Music, First Love, Spring Parade
ColorJoan of Arc

Fifth nomination was his first for color. (Joan of Arc, 1948).

28. Robert Burks

Strangers on a Train (Warner Bros., 1951)

Black-and-White: Strangers on a Train, A Patch of Blue
Color: Rear Window, To Catch a Thief

Three of four nominations in Hitchcock films.

29. William H. Daniels

The Naked City (1948)

Black-and-White
: Anna Christie, The Naked City,
Color: Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, How the West Was Won

30. Lee Garmes

Shanghai Express (1932, Paramount)

Black-and-white
: Morocco, Shanghai Express, Since You Went Away
Color: The Big Fisherman

31. Loyal Griggs

Shane (1953, Paramount)

Color: Shane, The Ten Commandments, The Greatest Story Ever Told,
Black-and-White: In Harm’s Way

32. Ernest Palmer

4 Devils (1928)

Black-and-White: Four Devils, Street Angel
Color: Blood and Sand, Broken Arrow

33. Karl Struss

Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1931)

Black-and-White: Sunrise, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, The Sign of the Cross
Color: Aloma of the South Seas

34. Sam Leavitt

Exodus (1960, MGM/UA)

Black-and-white: The Defiant Ones, Anatomy of a Murder
Color: Exodus

35. Lionel Lindon

 Around the World in 80 Days (1956, All Rights Reserved)

Black-and-White: Going My Way, I Want to Live!
Color: Around the World in 80 Days

36. Arthur E. Arling

The Yearling (1946, Disney)

Color: The Yearling
Black-and-White: I’ll Cry Tomorrow

37. Joseph F. Biroc

Hush...Hush, Sweet Charlotte (1964, WB)

Black-and-white: Hush…Hush, Sweet Charlotte B & W
Color: Towering Inferno

38. Robert Elswit

Good Night, and Good Luck (2005)

Black-and-White: Good Night, And Good Luck
Color: There Will Be Blood

39. Paul Vogel

The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm (1962, MGM)

Black-and-White: Battleground
Color: The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm

40. George J. Folsey

The White Cliffs of Dover (1944, MGM)

Black-and-White: Reunion in Vienna, The Affairs of Cellini, The Gorgeous Hussy, The White Cliffs of Dover, Executive Suite, The Balcony
Color: Thousands Cheer, Meet Me in St. Louis, The Green Years, Green Dolphin Street, Million Dollar Mermaid, All the Brothers Were Valiant, Seven Brides for Seven Brothers

Four nominations before a color nomination; no wins.

41. Roger Deakins

The Man Who Wasn't There (2002)

Black-and-White: The Man Who Wasn’t There,
Color: The Shawshank Redemption, Fargo, Kundun; O Brother, Where Art Thou?, The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford, No Country for Old Men, The Reader, True Grit, Skyfall, Prisoners

42. Edward Cronjager

Heaven Can Wait (1943, Fox)

Black-and-White: Cimarron, Sun Valley Serenade, The Pied Piper
Color: To the Shores of Tripoli, Heaven Can Wait, Home in Indiana, Beneath the 12-Mile Reef

Fourth nomination was first in color.

43. Joseph F. Seitz

Double Indemnity (1944, WB)

Black-and-white: The Divine Lady, Five Graves to Cairo, Double Indemnity, The Lost Weekend, Sunset Boulevard, Rogue Cop
Color: When Worlds Collide

Sixth nomination in color.

44. Russell Harlan

To Kill a Mockingbird (1962, Universal)

Black-and-White: The Big Sky, The Blackboard Jungle, To Kill a Mockingbird,
Color: Hatari!, The Great Race, Hawaii

Fourth nomination in color .

45. Ruldolph Maté

Cover Girl

Black-and-White: Foreign Correspondent, That Hamilton Woman, The Pride of the Yankees, Sahara
Color: Cover Girl

Fifth and final nomination in color for Cover Girl. Shared.

46. Franz Planer

The Children's Hour (1961, United Artists)

Black-and-White: Champion, Death of a Salesman, Roman Holiday, The Children’s Hour
Color: The Nun’s Story

Fourth nomination in color.

47. Charles G. Clarke

Hello, Frisco, Hello

Black-and-White: The Magnificent Ambersons
Color: Hello, Frisco, Hello, Green Grass of Wyoming, Sand

Second nomination in color, shared.

48. Joseph Walker

You Can't Take it With You (1938, Columbia)

Black-and-White: You Can’t Take It With You, Only Angels Have Wings, Here Comes Mr. Jordan
Color: The Jolson Story

Fourth nomination color The Jolson Story.

49. Bert Glennon

Stagecoach (1939, UA)

Black-and-White: Stagecoach
Color: Drums Along the Mohawk

50. Ray June

Arrowsmith (1931, UA)

Black-and-White: Arrowsmith, Barbary Coast
Color: Funny Face

Final nomination in color.

51. Joseph MacDonald

The Young Lions (1958, 20th Century Fox)

Black-and-White: The Young Lions, The Sand Pebbles
Color: Pepe

52. Ted D. McCord

The Sound of Music (1965, 20th Century Fox)

Black-and-white: Johnny Belinda, Two for the Seesaw
Color: The Sound of Music

Final nomination was in color.

53. Sol Polito

Sergeant York

Color: The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex, Captains of the Clouds
Black-and-White: Sergeant York,

Sergeant York black-and-white second nod.

54. Michael Chapman

Raging Bull

Black-and-White: Raging Bull
Color: The Fugitive

55. Edward Colman

Mary Poppins (1964)

Black-and-White: The Absent-Minded Professor
Color: Mary Poppins

Both Disney films, the second famously being a live-action/animation hybrid.

56. Philip H. Lathrop

Earthquake (1974)

Black-and-White: The Americanization of Emily
Color: Earthquake

57. J. Peverell Marley

Life With Father (1947)

Black-and-White: Suez
Color: Life with Father

Second nomination in color, shared.

58. Sidney Wagner

Dragon Seed

Color: Northwest Passage
Black-and-white: Dragon Seed

59. Gordon Willis

Zelig

Black-and-White and Color: Zelig
Color: The Godfather Part III

60. Robert Richardson

Kill Bill: Vol. 2 (2004, Miramax)

ColorPlatoon, Born on the Fourth of July, Snow Falling on Cedars, The Aviator, Hugo, Django Unchained
Partially Black and WhiteJFK, Inglourious Basterds

All-Color in the Split Era

Just a footnote that the following cinematographers earned ONLY color nominations in the Split Era.

Leonard Smith
Allen M. Davey
Joseph Planck
William V. Skall
W. Howard Greener

All 10 nominations in color cinematography

Oddities

Sven Nyqvist

Persona (1966)

No black and white nominations. WTF?

The Godfather Part II (1974, Paramount Pictures)

Gordon Willis wasn’t nominated for an Oscar for the Godfather, The Godfather Part II or Manhattan. What?

Conclusion

Clearly many cinematographers have proven themselves adept in both styles. Perhaps this will keep black and white occasionally kicking every so often when needed.

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